Children's and women's ability to fire handguns. The Pediatric Practice Research Group

Journal Name: 
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med
Authors: 
Naureckas,S.M.
Galanter,C.
Naureckas,E.T.
Donovan,M.
Christoffel,K.K.
Abstract: 
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether strength differences between children and women might keep children from firing handguns and to determine how many young children can fire available handguns. DESIGN: One- and two-index finger trigger-pull strength was tested using a standard protocol. Data on trigger-pull settings of 64 commercially available handguns were obtained. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of well children and their mothers at four Chicago (Ill)-area pediatric practices for health supervision visits, and of siblings of emergency department patients, during an 8-week period. INTERVENTION: None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: One- and two-index finger trigger-pull strength of mothers and children. RESULTS: Twenty-five percent of 3- to 4-year-olds, 70% of 5- to 6-year-olds, and 90% of 7- to 8-year-olds have a two-finger trigger-pull strength of at least 10 lb, the fifth percentile one-finger trigger-pull strength of adult women. Forty (62.5%) of 64 handguns require trigger-pull strength of less than 5 lb; 19 (30%) of 64 require 5 to 10 lb. CONCLUSIONS: Significant overlap exists in the trigger-pull strength of young children and women, limiting the potential use of increased trigger-pull settings to discourage firearm discharge by children. Young children are strong enough to fire many handguns now in circulation
12
1995
Volume: 
149
Pages: 
1318-1322
Keywords: 
10, Adolescent, Adult, Chicago, Child, Child Development, Child,Preschool, differences, Emergencies, Evaluation Studies, Female, Firearms, Hand Strength, Health, hospital, Human, intervention, legislation & jurisprudence, Male, Middle Aged, Mothers, Motor Skills, patient, Patients, Pediatrics, PPRG, Research, Sex Characteristics, United States, Universities, women