The Effect of Motivational Interviewing on Prescription Opioid Adherence Among Older Adults With Chronic Pain

Journal Name: 
Perspect.Psychiatr.Care
Authors: 
Chang,Y.P.
Compton,P.
Almeter,P.
Fox,C.H.
Abstract: 
PURPOSE: To test the effect of office-based motivational interviewing (MI) on prescription opioid adherence in older adults with chronic pain. DESIGN AND METHODS: Pre- and post-design was used. Thirty chronic pain patients participated in a 4-week MI in two outpatient settings. FINDINGS: Participants demonstrated a significantly reduced risk of prescription opioid misuse, decreased substance use, increased self-efficacy, increased motivation to change, and decreased depression at both the post-test and 1-month follow-up. PRACTICE IMPLICATION: MI can be effectively delivered in outpatient settings for older adults who are at risk for opioid misuse. Clinicians could incorporate MI techniques to enhance prescription opioid adherence
7
2015
Volume: 
51
Pages: 
211-219
Keywords: 
adherence, Adult, Chronic Pain, Depression, electronic, Family, FAMILY medicine, Health, Medicine, Methods, Motivation, Motivational Interviewing, New York, nursing, older, Pain, patient, Patients, Risk, Self Efficacy, Universities, Washington