Managing patient populations in primary care: points of leverage

Journal Name: 
J Am Board Fam Med
Common "quality" metrics may represent the quality of care for large populations; however, they do not adequately represent quality in individual primary care settings, especially as stand-alone indices. Using discreet threshold values to measure quality in primary care may result in physicians focusing on managing patients by the numbers at the expense of making individualized and nuanced clinical decisions. Current performance measures may be misapplied as proxies for both cost savings and quality. We posit that developing and focusing measurement on high-leverage activities will yield better clinical outcomes and potentially lower cost. As a starting point for further work in this area, we suggest the development of metrics that track identification and management of depression; management of transitions of care; care coordination; team-based care; identification and support of socially frail/isolated individuals; pharmacologic management, including optimizing medication and dealing with adherence issues; and establishment of a therapeutic environment. These processes, or others like them, will require infrastructure that may be costly and time-consuming, and measuring these processes will require thought and effort. Nevertheless, we believe developing metrics based on high-leverage activities will yield greater clinical and economic returns than relying on the metrics currently in place
adherence, better, Case Report, clinical, Cooperative Behavior, cost, Cost Savings, decision, Delivery of Health Care, Depression, Depressive Disorder, Development, Diabetes Mellitus,Type 2, Diagnosis, Disease Management, economic, economics, Environment, Family, Family Practice, Female, Humans, Interdisciplinary Communication, Middle Aged, organization & administration, Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care), patient, Patient Care Team, Patient Compliance, Patient Participation, Patient-Centered Care, Patients, Physicians, population, primary care, Primary Health Care, quality, Self Care, support, therapy, United States