Pica during pregnancy in low-income women born in Mexico

Journal Name: 
West J Med
Authors: 
Simpson,E.
Mull,J.D.
Longley,E.
East,J.
Abstract: 
OBJECTIVE: To describe pica behavior (ingestion of nonfood items) in pregnant low-income Mexican-born women in Mexico and the United States. DESIGN: A convenience sample of informants was interviewed with a questionnaire containing open-ended and closed-ended questions. SETTING: A low-income community on the outskirts of Ensenada, Mexico, and clinics serving low-income people in southern California (Santa Ana, Bakersfield, and Los Angeles). PARTICIPANTS: Of a total of 225 Mexican-born women, 75 (33%) were interviewed in Ensenada, and 150 (67%) were interviewed in southern California. RESULTS: The prevalence of pica during pregnancy was 44% (n = 33) in the Ensenada group and 31% (n = 46) in the southern California group. Those who reported pica behavior more commonly had a relative who also practiced pica. CONCLUSION: The high reported rate of pica in this sample indicates that pregnant Mexican-born women should be screened for pica and educated about the potentially serious effects on the fetus and mother
7
2000
Volume: 
173
Pages: 
20-24
Keywords: 
150, Adolescent, Adult, California, community, Comparative Study, effects, epidemiology, ethnology, etiology, Female, genetics, Human, LA Net, low-income, medical, Mexico, Pediatrics, Pica, Poverty, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Complications, Prevalence, Questionnaires, Support,U.S.Gov't,Non-P.H.S., United States, Universities, women