Prevalence rates and correlates of psychiatric disorders among preschool children

Journal Name: 
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry
Authors: 
Lavigne,J.V.
Gibbons,R.D.
Christoffel,K.K.
Arend,R.
Rosenbaum,D.
Binns,H.
Dawson,N.
Sobel,H.
Isaacs,C.
Abstract: 
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and correlates of psychiatric disorders among preschool children in a primary care pediatric sample. METHOD: In a two-stage design, 3,860 preschool children were screened; 510 received fuller evaluations. RESULTS: For quantitative assessment of disorder (> or = 90th percentile), prevalence of behavior problems was 8.3%. "Probable" occurrence of an Axis I DSM-III-R disorder was 21.4% (9.1%, severe). Logistic regression analyses indicated significant demographic correlates for quantitative outcomes (older age, minority status, male sex, low socio-economic status, father absence, small family size) but not for DSM-III-R diagnoses. Maternal and family characteristics were generally not significant. Child correlates included activity level, timidity, persistence, and IQ. CONCLUSIONS: Overall prevalence of disorder was consistent with rates for older children; correlates varied by approach used for classification
2
1996
Volume: 
35
Pages: 
204-214
Keywords: 
510, Adolescent, Age Factors, Chicago, Child, Child,Preschool, classification, Diagnosis, disorders, epidemiology, evaluation, Family, Family Characteristics, Female, hospital, Human, Incidence, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Mental Disorders, older, PPRG, Prevalence, primary care, Psychiatry, Psychological Tests, psychology, regression, Sex Factors, Support,U.S.Gov't,P.H.S.