Recruiting Practice-based Research Network (PBRN) physicians to be research participants: lessons learned from the North Texas (NorTex) needs assessment study

Journal Name: 
J Am Board Fam Med
Authors: 
Fulda,K.G.
Hahn,K.A.
Young,R.A.
Marshall,J.D.
Moore,B.J.
Espinoza,A.M.
Beltran,N.M.
McFadden,P.
Crim,A.D.
Cardarelli,R.
Abstract: 
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to examine strategies for recruiting physician subjects in a practice-based research network continuing education research study, using different recruitment methods at four systems, or health plan arrangements. METHODS: The North Texas Primary Care Practice-based Research Network Needs Assessment Study consisted of a survey and five self-directed medical record abstractions. Physicians were recruited to be research subjects from four systems, using different recruitment strategies. chi(2) was used to determine differences in physicians consenting and completing the study between systems. Kruskal-Wallis was used to determine differences in time from first contact to consent and number of contacts required before consent between systems. RESULTS: One hundred five of 211 physicians (49.8%) consented to participate, of which 90 (85.7%) completed the survey. There was a significant difference by system in the number of physicians who consented (P = .04) and number of contacts required pre-consent (P < .001) but not in the number of physicians completing the study or time from first contact to consent. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSIONS: Success of recruiting physicians to be research subjects varied between systems using different recruitment methods. Lessons learned include using clinician champions to make initial contact, establishing a relationship with clinic personnel, distinguishing the research team from a pharmaceutical representative, establishing a preferred contact method, and collecting study materials on a set timeline.
2011
Volume: 
24
Keywords: 
Adult, Ambulatory Care/organization & administration, Community-Based Participatory Research, Family Practice/education/*organization & administration, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Needs Assessment, Personnel Selection/*methods/organization & administration, Texas, Translational Medical Research